1. Present simple and present continuous

1. Present simple and present continuous

Bill bumps into an old friend. Andy used to teach at the same school but moved to London to become a Head Teacher.

Main practice:  present simple and present continuous
Revision:          Saying ‘hello' and ‘goodbye  -  the use of ‘still' meaning ‘continuing'  -
                               come over

Notes:
The Present Simple and Present Continuous can both be used for a planned future, i.e.
  • We leave at ten tomorrow.
  • We're leaving at ten tomorrow.

But the Present Simple without a time word, i.e.  -   I see John this afternoon.  
-   She plays tennis this evening.
  -  suggests the action is regular, i.e. I always see John on this afternoon of the week.

The Present Continuous is also used for...

A direct present action: 
  • She's coming now, I can see her car approaching.
  • He's playing football at the moment.

Something happening in a person's life, perhaps not at the time of speaking, i.e.
  • She's studying in London now.
  • He's playing a lot of tennis at present.
  • They're working in a restaurant in Paris.


Vocabulary 
come over  -  
come to our home, i.e.
- Come over for coffee later.
- Would you like to come over for dinner at the weekend?

How's it going   -  a general enquiry about progress, or can be specific, i.e.
  • How's your new job going?
  • How's the studying going?

look  -  (informal), meaning: 'Listen to this.' i.e.
  • Look, would like to come to a party on Saturday?
  • Look, I didn't mean what I said, and I'm sorry it hurt you.

um  -  a *hesitation sound. English speakers often use hesitation sounds - um, er, ah - when
            they need time to think or to make a remark sound more friendly, i.e.
- Can come to my party this Saturday?
- Um, let me think. Saturday... yes, I'm free then. I'd love to come.

- Do you like my new jacket?
- Er, well, to be honest, I don't think the colour suits you.

- When are you going to pay me the fifty pounds you owe me?
- Ah, well, um...can you let me have another month? I don't have much money at the moment.

*to hesitate = to pause, wait a moment. While these sounds are frequently used in spoken English using them too much can make a speaker sound indecisive or even stupid!










Conversation

Bill *bumps into Andy. They used to teach together at the same school but Andy moved to London to become a head teacher. Bill tells Andy what his wife - Sam, a journalist - and his children are doing and Andy talks about his family. 
*to meet someone by accident

Complete the sentences.

Andy:  Hi, Bill, how're you doing? Nice to see you.

Bill:     And you. I'm fine. How's it going as a Head Teacher?

Andy:  Very well, but very busy. How's Sam and the kids?

Bill:     Great, thanks. Sam's still for the local newspaper. Katie's
              at university now, and Tim's still at school. How're
              your family?

Andy:  Fine, thanks. Fiona antiques in a local shop. Rob's
              around Europe now with some school friends and Jane's for a job.

Bill:     Well, um, how long are you here for?

Andy:  We're with Fiona's mother until Sunday.

Bill:     Look, you must come over for a drink. Sam will love to see you.
              How about tomorrow evening?'

Andy:  Sounds good. Shall we say around eight?

Bill:      Yes, fine. See you tomorrow.

Andy:   Right, take care, Bill. Bye for now.

Bill:      Cheers. See you.




Exercise

Write the correct form of the verb: Present Simple or Present Continuous 

1. She's now. I'll tell her to call you when she wakes up.  (sleep)

2. They're of to Australia.  (think  -  move)

3. He's very tired.  (look)

4. She's in a cafe for a couple of months before
    to university.  (work -  go)

5. I'm football tomorrow for the school team.  (play)

6. She a movie every Saturday evening.  (watch)

7. He for a TV company.  (work)

8. We're on a safari next summer. My husband and I
    animals.  (go  -  love)

9. The train at nine o'clock. (leave)

10. She's the living room now but later she's
      over to see you. (decorate  -  drive)