3. Present Perfect for/since; Present Perfect Continuous

3. Present Perfect for/since; Present Perfect Continuous

Sam interviews a writer.

Main practice:  Present Perfect with for / since + Present Perfect Continuous
Revision:             so  -  such   -   for ages

Notes
for and since are used with Present Perfect and Present Perfect Continuous.
for covers a period of time, since is used to mean ‘from a point in time', i.e.
a) She's lived in London for ten years.
b) She's lived in London since 2006.
c) She's been living in London for six months.
d) She's been living in London since April.

a) and b) suggest the situation is permanent; c) and d) suggest a temporary action.

so is usually followed by an adjective; such by an adjective and a noun, i.e.
a) The garden is so beautiful.
b) It's such a beautiful garden.
c) We had such a lovely time.
d) The party was so lovely.

for ages  -  a long time, (relative to context), i.e.
- I haven't been to a cinema for ages. (Could mean for one year.)
- I haven't had a holiday for ages. (Could mean three years.)



Conversation

Sam, a journalist, is interviewing a well-known writer, Patrick Kinley for her newspaper.

Put the verbs into the correct tense and put ‘so' or ‘such' in two of the sentences.




Sam:   Okay, Pat, firstly, how many novels ?

Pat:     Almost thirty and four screen-plays.

Sam:   Wow, that's a lot of writing.

Pat:     Well, since I was nineteen and I'm sixty-three
              now so  a lot of time to write.

Sam:    And you  stopped yet?

Pat:     Absolutely not. on a new novel for about
             six months, and a play for TV.

Sam:    You're busy. How do you find the time?

Pat:      Well,   never married and I don't have any children so that
              gives me more time for writing.

Sam:    But you have a big house.

Pat:     Ah, well, I have a lot of friends who like to come and stay.

Sam:    Can you tell me anything about the new novel?

Pat:     Yes, but not too much. The story is about….


Exercise

Correct the following sentences, i.e.

0. I work on on my computer since hours.
   I've been working on my computer for hours. 

Contract pronouns and auxillary verbs, i.e.  
I have  -  I've      -      He has  -  he's  

1.  I've known her since three years.
     I've three years.

2.  She's been wait for you nearly an hour. 
     She's for you nearly an hour.

3.  He had the car for July.
      July.

4.  It's so cold day.
     It's cold day.

5.  I watch the movie since half an hour but it's boring.
      half an hour but it's boring.
   
6.  We buy so lovely a table.  (A recent action.)
      lovely table.

7.  She wanted to see that band since years.
    wanted to see that band years. (She bought her
   ticket yesterday.)


8.  He was such rude to the boss.
     He was rude to the boss.

9.  It's such late and I've had so a busy day.
     It's late and I've had a busy day.

10.  I lost my dictionary. I look for it for ages but I hadn't found it yet.
        my dictionary. * for it for ages but (A recent action.)
        found it yet.  


* I've looked is also possible, but Present Perfect Continuous is more likely.