2. Present Perfect: for - since

2. Present Perfect: for - since

Sam's not pleased with Tim

Main focus: Present Perfect (1) have/has + past participle
Revision:      ago - for ages - clear up - hang out - pretty + adjective


Vocabulary
ago - the past; back in time from the present, i.e.
  • We went to Italy three years ago.
  • He was here half an hour ago.

for ages - a long time, (relative to context) i.e.
  • It's ages since I've had a holiday.   (Perhaps 3-5 years)
  • I haven't bought a newspaper for ages.  (Possibly 3-5 months)

(to) catch up  -  (Phrasal Verb) In this conversation - to share news with a
                                friend when you haven't 
seen them for a while, i.e.
- I must Sally soon, we've to a lot of catching up to do.
- Let's meet on Saturday and catch up.

(to) clear up - (Phrasal Verb) to clean and tidy, i.e.
  • I must clear up the house before my parents get back.

(to) hang out - (Phrasal Verb) to socialise with friends, i.e.
  • She hangs out with her friend's every weekend.

pretty - (as quantifier) to strengthen an adjective, i.e.
- He's a pretty good cook.
- She did pretty well in her exams.

for - since - ago  -  these words are not used together, i.e.
I haven't seen her for six months.
I haven't seen her since June.
I saw her six months ago.

Conversation

Tim's mother, Sam, is unhappy because he's gone to see a friend without clearing up his room first but his father, Bill, says it's okay because Tim's done his homework.


Remember:
When we speak we usually contract pronouns and auillary verbs ,  i.e. 
She is  -  she's        He has  -  he's         
They have  -  they've

Complete the sentences. 

Sam:
you . (see) Tim?

Bill:  He went out about half an hour ago to see his friend, Ravi.

Sam: Well, he clearing up his room. I'm going to call him;
            he can come back and do it.

Bill:  He did say he Ravi for ages so they have some
           catching up to do. (do) all his homework, and
            (get) his school uniform ready for tomorrow so…

Sam: So I should let him hang out with Ravi a little while longer?

Bill:  Why not? He can tidy his room when he gets back. I'll make sure
           he does it.

Sam:  All right, then. I suppose (work) pretty hard with
            his school work this week.


Exercise

Exercise

Complete the sentences, putting the verbs in the Present Perfect tense, choosing positive or negative meanings.

Remember: use captial letters where necessary and to contract, i.e.
they have  -  they've     -     have not  -  haven't     -     has not  -  hasn't.


1. you the kitchen yet?   (clean)

2. I to a cinema for ages.  (be) 

3. you to your father yet? (write)

4. she to you about the exam?  (speak)

5.   a new house and they're very happy with it.   (buy)

6. He me for six months.  (call)

7. He anything since nine o'clock this morning.  (eat) 

9. you my newspaper?  (see)

10. he any studying this morning?  (do)