1. make  -  do

1. make - do

Sam has some questions for Tim.

Main Practice:   make - do
Revision:             Present Perfect - by the way

you make:
a cake  -  a decision  -  friends  -  mistakes  -  money -  noise

you do:
(a) favour  -  homework  -  housework  -  (the) garden -  research  -  study subjects  

by the way - to introduce a new topic into a conversation, i.e.
  • So yes, I'll tell her after the meeting. By the way, what time are you having coffee?

(to) check -   to discover if information is correct, i.e.
  • Can you check the time of the train, please?
  • I've checked my emails: I wrote to the bank last Tuesday.

term -  a period of time in the year of a school, college, or university.

weeds -  a wild plant, growing somewhere it is not wanted


Tim tells his mother, Sam, that he's going to make some money helping his friend, Ravi, do his garden. Sam wants to know if he's done his homework and if he's decided what he wants for his birthday.

Chooose 'make' or 'do'. Don't forget to change tense where you need to.

Sam:  Where're you going?

Tim:  To some money.

Sam:  Really, and how're you going to do that?

Tim:  I promised Ravi to him a favour and help him his garden.
            His mum's going to give us five pounds each if we cut the grass and
            dig up the weeds.

Sam:  Have you your maths homework?

Tim:  Not maths today, French. Remember, I'm French this term.
            And I've finished it.

Sam:  And how many mistakes did you ?

Tim:   None. I checked it on line. I got every question right.

Sam:  All right. Well, don't come back late and don't a noise when 
            you come in, your father and I have to be up early for work tomorrow.

Tim:  Okay, mum.

Sam: Oh, Tim, by the way, have you a decision yet about what you want
            for your birthday yet?

Tim:  Not yet, mum, I'm still thinking about it.


Complete the sentences.

1.  Has John some friends at his new school?

2.  I all my housework on a Saturday.

3.  The biology department has a lot of research into that illness.

4.  At first his business a lot of money but then he
     some bad mistakes and now things are not going so well.

5.  I'm very late, can you me a favour and drive me to the station?

6.  This year she's the pyschology course instead of history.

7.  When you've your homework can you help me
     the garden? We need to clear up all the dead leaves.

8.  Be quiet, you're too much noise!

Grammar Questions:
Q:  Why 'do' for number 2?
A:  Present Simple for a habit.  

Q:  Why ing for number 6?
A:   Because it is a planned future action.

Q:   Why ing for number 8?
A:    Because it describes action happening at the time of speaking.