12. Fixed expressions

Fixed Expressions.

12. Sam interviews Jane about the library being saved.

Main Practice:  Fixed expressions
Revision:            so - mixed conditional - present participle (‘demanding')  -  absolutely 

Vocabulary
absolutely  -  a strong 'yes' or agreement, i.e.
- Are you going to have a party for your brithday?
- Absolutely.

- Would you agree that climate change is one of the most urgent issues facing the world?

- Absolutely, yes I would. 

brilliant news  -  very good news, i.e.
- Jan and Anthony getting married.
- Oh, that's brilliant news.

(the) Council / Town or City Council - the local governement in the UK.

(to) demand  - to make a strong request, i.e.

  •  I demand that you refund fifty percent of our money: the hotel was not finished; the      
     food was terrible and the rooms were very dirty.


    (to) demolish  -  to destroy, or knock down a building.
      

    if it wasn't for the fact that  -  if X wasn't a reality, then Y would / would not 
                                                                happen, i.e.
  • Yes, I would drive over to see you, if it wasn't for the fact that it's snowing hard.
  • If it wasn't for the fact that he's my brother, I wouldn't lend him the money. 

in short   -  in a few words, i.e.

  • It's got everything. A huge living room, a fantastic kitchen, three large bedrooms and one small, a beautiful garden and great views. In short, it's my dream house and I'm buying it.

it just goes to show  -  it proves, i.e.

- She started playing the piano at fourteen and practised for five hours a day and now,
  only twenty-two, she's playing 
concerts all over the world.

- It just goes to show, if you really practice at something you love you can become
   very good at it. 

it's as simple as that  -  it is clear and easy to understand, i.e.

  • At the age of fifty-five you shouldn't be doing hard exercise two hours a day. It's not good for your heart. It's as simple as that. 
  • You're late every day. From now on you come to work at nine or you lose your job. It's as simple as that. 

    (to have) second thoughts  -  to consider something again and perhaps change your        
                                                             mind, i.e.
  • I was going to travel for a year before university but now I'm having second thoughts.
   I'm in the habit of studying now so maybe it's better to keep going.
  • She was going to buy a new car but she's having second thoughts. She says the car she's      
   got is good for another few years.
Sam, a journalist, interviews Jane Harris, a town councillor who led a protest to save the old library building from being demolished.

Complete the sentences.

Sam: Well this is brilliant news. A beautiful building is saved.

Jane: Yes, that if people act together they can win.

Sam:  So it was the protests from the public that got the decision changed.

Jane:  Yes, thousands of people from our town came onto the
             streets demanding that the library be saved then the Council would demolish it.

Sam:  ?

Jane:  Absolutely. The Council saw that the people of Downhaven really want to keep the old
             library and its members had and changed their minds and voted to
             keep the library.

Sam:   So, , it was people power that won.

Jane:   It was indeed, Sam.


Exercise

Complete the sentences with the language you've practised.

in short - it's as simple as that - second thoughts - it just goes to show -
if it wasn't for the fact that


Remember: use capital letters at the start of sentences.

1. She was sure she wanted to marry him but now she's having .

2. her young son phoned an ambulance she might've died.

3. - Her business did not make any money for five years.Everyone said she should sell it but
       she kept going and she's got ten restaurants and is very rich.
    - you should never give up.

4. If you haven't done your homework you're not going to the party. .

5. …and then our flight was six hours late. So, the holiday was a disaster.