3. Cause and Effect

3. Cause and Effect

Sam defends newspapers

Main Practice:   cause and effect
Revision:           Future Simple - Present Perfect - Future in the Past (was going to)

beneficial -   good;  advantageous, i.e.
  • It will be beneficial for your son to study abroad.

bring about -  cause; to make happen, i.e.
  • The disaster was brought about because the hotel's fire alarm system did not work.
downfall -  the failure or ruin of someone / something previously successful, i.e.
  • The corruption scandal was the Prime Minister's downfall.

impact -  effect, i.e.
  • Some say that Brexit will have a negative impact on Britain's economy.

inevitable -  cannot be stopped from happening, i.e.
  • It was inevitable that mobile phones would become a vital
   part of teenagers' lives.

major -  important; highly significant, i.e.
  • He never takes a major business decision without the advice of his daughter. 
  • Smoking has a major impact on health.

opinionated  -  expressing opinions strongly, perhaps unreasonably
  • It's impossible to discuss anything with him, he's so opinionated.
  • She can never see another person's point of view; she's incredibly opinionated.
-  effect, i.e.
  • After she won the first four games so decisively the outcome was inevitable.
   She is now the the UK's chess champion. 

wide support -   a lot of support; can suggest support across different groups of people, i.e.
  • The Managing Director's plans had wide support across the whole company.
  • The political party has wide support among the workers.

Matt, the boyfriend of Sam's sister, Lucy, thinks the interenet will kill off newspapers. Sam, a newspaper journalist, disagrees.

Complete the sentences.

Matt: Why're you reading a newspaper, Lucy?

Lucy: It's the paper Sam writes for, I'm reading one of her articles.

Matt: The Internet will be the  of newspapers.

Sam: Well, I admit, the Internet has had a newspaper sales but
           newspapers are still very much part of daily life.

Matt: Not for much longer, we don't need them when we can get our news online,
            almost as it happens. The death of newspapers is the of
            the digital age.

Sam: I disagree, Matt, it's too soon to say what the eventual will be.
           TV was supposed to the death of radio but it didn't. The
           Internet was going to cause the death of books but it hasn't.

Matt: Ah, but it's early days.

Sam: The fact is, Matt, newspapers still have . They're great for
           local community news and they have all sorts of beneficial effects.

Matt: Such as?

Sam:  Providing a reliable source of information for us to judge our government
            and leaders, which is particularly important when we get so much unreliable
            information on the Internet. Newspapers are important for our democracy.

Lucy:  And sitting with a newspaper and a cup of coffee in the morning is a nice,
             relaxing thing to do.

Matt:  Rubbish. We need a faster medium.

Matt leaves the room.

Sam:   He's a little bit rude at times, isn't he?

Lucy:   Mmm…yes, he can be a bit .


Complete the sentences. Change tense if necessary.

wide support  -  downfall  -  inevitable result  - major impact on  -  bring about  -  outcome

1.  The fact that it was unable to reduce high levels of unemployment the    
      of the government.

2.  After several hours the negotiations reached a positive for both sides.

3.  Global warming is predicted to have a the whole world if it is not

4.  After another poor trading year the collapse of the company was the .

5. The Prime Minister found  for her plans among health workers and the
     medical profession in general.