15. Vocabulary for giving advice.

15. Vocabulary for giving advice.

Katie talks to her parents about her 'boyfriend' problems.

  • Main Practice:  Vocabulary for giving advice.
    Revision:             Present Continuous  -  sort it out (Phrasal Verb)

Vocabulary:
All these expressions can be used to give advice.

advice  -  (noun), (collocation:  to give / to take / to receive advice) i.e.

  • She gave me some good advice.
  • He decided to take her advice. (He would do what she suggested he should do.)
  • The Prime Minister has received advice from his Minister for Education.

(to) advise  -  (verb), i.e.

  • I advise you to think carefully before making a decision. 
  • She was advised to wait a year before taking the exam. 

if I was / were you I'd  -  (a form of Second Conditional; 'was' / 'were' are both acceptable) i.e. 
  • If I was you I'd see a doctor about that cut on you leg.
  • If I were you I'd have three or four more lessons before taking your driving test. 

Have you tried
 -  to advise, make a suggestion, i.e.
-  My boss gives me so much work to do I can never leave the office before six-thirty. And she
   leaves at five o'clock.

-  Have you tried talking about it to her?


(to) make it clear  -  explain something to someone so they can easily understand what you
                                         mean, i.e.

  • I made it clear to my boss that I'm not going to work weekends.
  • Let me make it clear: students have to arrive for class five minutes early.

  • you must
     -  i.e.
    - This morning I found a bag in the street with a hundred pounds in it. Should I keep it?
    - No, you must hand it in to the police. 

    you should  -  (not as strong as 'must') i.e.
    - I've lost the watch my girlfriend gave me. Do you think I should tell her it was stolen?
    - No, you should tell her the truth. 
(to) sort something out  -  a) to solve a problem; b) to tidy something, i.e.
a)  The central heating's broken down again; can you sort it out, please?
a)  You haven't spoken to your sister for five years after that silly argument. You got to sort it
     out and start spekaing again.
b)  We need thirty theatre tickets for the class. Can you sort it out, please?
b)  Can you sort out these magazines please. Put the ones you want in the bookcase and throw
      away the others.



Katie's boyfriend, Carl, is being very possessive. Katie asks her parents for advice.

Complete the sentences.

Katie:  Carl's getting very possessive. He keeps texting and phoning me all the time.

Bill:     Your mother told me. talking to him about it?

Katie:   Yes, he says he does it because he loves me so much.

Sam:     Wanting to know where you are all the time and who you're with is not 'love'.
               He sounds very insecure.

Katie:   He is. His mum died when he was ten and he doesn't have good a relationship with his
               father or his step-mother. 

Bill:      All right, but speak to him again. to him that his behaviour  
               has to change. 

Sam:     I agree. And if it doesn't change then, Katie, to think about ending the 
               relationship.

Bill:      Your mum's right. , I'd speak to him as soon as you go back to universirty,
               Katie.

Katie:   You're right. I will.

Sam:     You've got to sort it out, Katie, or the situation will probably get worse. People that
               insecure in relationships can even turn violent.

Katie:   Carl wouldn't hurt me.

Bill:       You don't know that. If he gets angry with you I want you to call us immediately and
               mention it to the university councellor. 

Katie:   All right, Dad, I will.


Exercise

Complete the sentences with the language you've practised.

I advise you  -  have you tried  -  made it clear  -  you should  -  
if I was you I wouldn't    


Use capital letters where necessary.

1.  - Have you got your passport yet?
     - No.
     - Well, to do it soon: you're going on holiday in only five weeks.

2.   - I lent Ron the hundred pounds he asked for.
      - Well, I hope you that he must pay you back at the end of the month.

3.   The snow is falling heavily now. drive to the station; leave
      early and walk. 

5.   - My job is so stressful; I find it hard to relax.
      - meditation?

6.   -  Come on, we can use Sally's car.
      -   ask her first.