13. Prepositions of time.

13. Prepositions of time.

A confusion about time.

Main Practice: Prepositions of time.
Revision:          by the way  -  Past Simple  -  Present Continuous for a planned future action

Vocabulary:
at  -  at a specific time / at the weekend / at midday / at midnight; a public holiday, i.e.
  • Let's meet at one o'clock.
  • I'll see you at the weekend.
  • The lesson starts at midday. 
  • They're coming to stay with me at New Year.

by the way  -  (spoken English) to introduce a new topic into the conversation, i.e.
  • ....so she starts university this September. By the way, are you still selling your computer?

in  -  in the morning / in the afternoon  / in the evening / months / seasons, i.e.
  • We went horse riding in the morning and in the evening we had a bar-B-q.
  • My birthday's in June.
  • We usually go to France in (the) summer.
  • I'll see you some time in (the) spring.

last  -  to say last weekend, last Wednesday, etc. means the weekend or Wednesday just gone and does not need a preposition, i.e.
  • I played football *last weekend. 
  • She passed her driving test *last Wednesday. 
Also: last + month, last + year, i.e.  
  • I saw her last April.  (And: I saw her in April.)  He started working for the company last year.

* last would not be used if you were speaking only 1-2 days after, i.e.
Speaking on the Monday or Tuesday we'd normally say: I played football this weekend  or 
the weekend just gone. The same for 'Wednesday' if speaking on Thursday or Friday.

midday  -    12 noon

midnight  - 12 midnight 

on  -  a specific day and the specific number of the day in the month, i.e.
  • I'm going to London on Monday.
  • We're meeting on the 5th of December.


Tim and Ravi arranged to meet but Tim was confused. They make a new arrangement.

Complete the sentences with the correct preposition.

Ravi:  Where were you Friday?

Tim:  Where was I? Where were you?

Ravi: Me? I was outside the cinema twelve o'clock.

Tim:  Impossible. I was there twelve o'clock. Twelve, , right?

Ravi:  Wait a minute…no, it was a late night movie, twelve, . I told you that. 

Tim:   Did you?

Ravi:  Yes, Tim. You don't listen times.

Tim:  All right. Let's forget it. What are you doing the weekend?

Ravi:  Well, Saturday I'm helping my dad in our shop. Sunday, I'm going swimming the
            morning, helping in the shop again the afternoon and the evening, studying .
            Do you want to come swimming?

Tim:  Well, I went swimming last weekend but, okay, what time?  

Ravi:  Ten o'clock, THE MORNING.

Tim:  Yes, okay, I've got the message, the morning, ten o'clock. By the way, what're you
            doing New Year's?

Ravi: Well, as a Hindu, we don't celebrate New Year when you do because we go by the lunar
            calendar.  

Tim:  Well, my parents are having a party and they'd like you and your parents to come. Then
            we'll come and celebrate Diwali with you.

Ravi:  Sounds good.


Exercise

Complete the sentences with the language you've practised.

Don't forget to use capital letters at the start of sentences.

Use:  
 
in x 3  -  at x 3  -  no preposition  x 1  -  on x 2  - midday x 1 

1.  I saw him last July. We usually meet the summer when he comes over
     from 
Australia to visit family in the UK. Now, he's come for his sister's wedding so
     I'm seeing him next week, Friday, nine the evening  at his parents'
     house. Would you like to join us?

2.   the New Year we usually visit my brother in Germany. He has a big party the 31st
     and then we relax for a few days.

3.  She's coming to stay with us the weekend. She'll probally arrive the afternoon, she
     said she's catching the train from London.