12. Words used when talking.

12. Words used when talking.

Bill doesn't want to change his job.

Main Practice:  Words used when talking.
Revision:             suppose so - get on (well) with - so

actually - the truth, the reality is, i.e.
-  You must be tired after your long walk.
-  Actually, I feel fine. Or: I feel fine, actually.

-  So, the rent for the house is fifteen hundred pounds a month.

-  It's seventeen hundred, actually. Or:  Actually, it's seventeen hundred.

background  -  a person's family circumstances, education, culture,
                              work, experiences, etc. i.e.
- He comes from a very wealthy background.
- Her background is in banking and finance but now she wants to teach geography in schools.

comfortable - a) physically and / or mentally at ease; relaxed; b) to not have any financial
                                 worries, i.e.
a) This is a very comfortable chair.
a) Sure, I'm comfortable about your father coming to live with us: we have a spare room and
a great guy.
b) - So, is she rich?
    -  No, *not exactly, but she's comfortable

* See below.

(to) cut out - a) to use scissors or a similar tool to cut something from a newspaper,
                                magazine, etc. b) (Phrasal verb) to stop doing something, i.e.
a) There's a great article in the paper about exercise which I'm going to cut out.
b) I must cut out eating so many fatty foods.

especially - in particular, to draw focus onto one aspect of something, i.e.
  • I love classical music, especially Mozart and Chopin.
  • She is very well organised and especially kind to her staff, always buying little presents for their birthdays.
  • I liked all the exhibition but especically the Japanese paintings.

get on well with - (Phrasal verb) - to have a good relationship with, or not, i.e.
  • She gets on (well) with everyone in the class.
  • He doesn't get on (well) with his boss.

(to) increase - (verb and noun) to make bigger, become more in size, amount, strength, etc.

  • His following on-line has increased by a million.
  • There's been a big increase in the number of coffee shops in this town in the last five years.

it's not worth + ing - not a good idea to spend the time, money, or energy on something,
                                           someone, i.e.
  • It's not worth seeing that film, it's terrible.
  • It's not worth going out now: all the shops will be shut.
  • It's not worth asking to borrow money from John: he never lends money.

not exactly - not accurate; not to agree, i.e.
- So you believe everyone should work a four-day week.
- Not exactly, but everyone should have more holidays.

- He told me you're having your party at home and inviting about forty friends.
- No, that's not exactly right. I'm having the party at a restaurant and inviting thirty friends.

salary - the money you receive for your job.

suppose + so - to agree to something which the speaker, usually, hasn't thought deeply
                              about; sometimes suggests reluctant agreement, i.e.

- We should start cleaning the house now.
- Yes, I suppose so.

In Britain there are state schools, which are free, and independent schools, which parents pay to send their children to. Bill is a history teacher in a state school and his wife, Samantha, has seen an advertisement for a history teacher in an independent school.

Complete the sentences. One term is used twice.

Sam: There's a job in the newspaper for a history teacher at Downhaven College.

Bill: That's an independent school, Sam, and I'm quite happy teaching in a state school.

Sam: It's more money than you get now.

Bill: , my salary is being increased from next month.

Sam: Do you think it's wrong that we have independent schools?

Bill:  No, . But I enjoy working in a state school, as I went to a state
           school myself.

Sam: you feel more comfortable, more relaxed working in a state school?

Bill:  Yes, I , I get on well with the kids I teach. , I admire them a lot,
           many come from poor backgrounds but they work very hard.

Sam: , so me cutting out the advertisement for you.

Bill:   No, Sam, it's not, but thank you anyway.


Complete the sentences.

actually  -  you mean  -  especially  -  suppose so  - it's not worth  -  not exactly  -
all right

* Don't forget to use capital letters at the beginning of sentences. One word is used twice.

1.   - The garden is thirty metres long, I'm right, aren't I?
      - ,  , it's twenty five metres.

2.   - You look ready for a game of tennis.
      - I'm quite tired, .

3.  -  The play was all right.
     -   you don't think it was very good.
     -   That's right, I thought the actor playing the part of Romeo was bad.

4.   - I know you wanted to go to the cinema, but would you like to watch a DVD with us?
      - I , going to the cinema now, we've missed the bus.

5.   - Shall we drive to the supermarket at ten?
      - , fine.