so / such (2) - articles
so and such emphasize what follows.be + so + adjective
be + such a/an + adjective + noun
- The garden was so beautiful.
- The food was so bad that we won't go to that restaurant again.
such + adjective + plural or uncountable noun
- It was such a beautiful garden.
- This is such an easy test.
- We had such lovely weather on our holiday.
such + noun (informal - again, giving stronger meaning to the following noun)
- He tells such terrible jokes no one ever laughs.
He's such a fool.
She talks such *nonsense.
That hotel is such a **dump.
You're such a hero.It's such a mystery; we really don't know what happened.
* nonsense - silly talk
** a dump - a boring, unpleasant place; also: a place where rubbish is left.
Articles - There are many aspects to articles. Here, we are concerned with:
a / an
to talk about something not mentioned before, i.e.
I saw a car crash yesterday.
There's a new restaurant in the High Street.
with expressions: such a... what a..., i.e.
We had such a great holiday.
What a fantastic film that was.
To refer to things mentioned before, i.e.
- Yesterday, I bought an antique table, a new sofa, and two armchairs. The table was made in the seventeenth century.
When we know what is being talked about, i.e.
- I went to the gym yesterday.
To refer to groups of people, organisations, institutions, i.e.
- She works at the university.
- The old man in the coffee shop was very rude to a customer this morning.
- The police in the UK do not routinely carry guns.
- I think the media concentrate too much on celebrities.
- The civil service is a bureaucracy that supports the UK government.
- The army are recruiting now.
To talk about something in general, or refer to general examples, i.e.
- History is a fascinating subject.
- Technolgy has greatly changed our lives in the last twenty years.
- Electric cars will be everywhere soon.
- People are choosing grey more than any other colour for their new car.
But once the topic is specific, then:
- The history of India is fascinating.
- The technolgy used in the new phones is very advanced.
(a) hero - people who show courage and / or achieve great things, (see example below).
to interview someone - when a journalist asks someone questions about their job or
an experience they've had. Also, when you're questioned
about your suitablity for a certain job.
in the end - eventually, i.e.
- It took me a long time to decide which university to go to. In the end, I chose Liverpool.
- I complained to the hotel manager five times. In the end, I got a 30% discount on my bill.
- an important subject that needs to be talked about, i.e.
(a) kagool - a lightweight raincoat(to) persuade - to try to make someone do or believe something by discussion or argument,
- Global warming is one of the most important issues today.
- Homelessness is a big issue in the UK.
proud - feeling pleased or satisfied by what you or someone else has done, i.e.
- He didn't really want to do it but I persuaded Rob to drive me to the airport.
- As soon as she passed her driving test she persuaded her parents to buy her a car.
reckless - acting irresponsibly without care for the results of an action, i.e.
- Our daughter studied hard to get into medical school. Now she's a doctor. We're very proud of her.
- He ran into the burning house several times to rescue people. He's a hero and the whole town is proud of him.
(to) refuse - to say 'no'; that you cannot accept something, i.e.
- You were driving much too fast; it was very reckless of you.
- It was reckless of him to take tourists up the mountain without warm clothing and food supplies when he knew there might be a storm.
- She refused to work weekends when her boss asked her to.
- I refuse to believe my brother is a thief. There must be some mistake.
a spectacle - an impressive performance or display of some kind, i.e.
The re-enactment of the Battle of Hastings was a great spectacle.
vital - very important, absolutely necessary, i.e.
- It's vital that we get food and fresh water into the towns hit by the earthquake.
- Clean air is vital for everyone's health, especially for children.