14. First Conditional + modal verbs

14. First Conditional + modal verbs

Tim climbs down from the tree.

Main Practice:   First Conditional + Modal Verbs
Revision:             Present Simple  -  Future Simple

Notes:

First Conditional
if + present simple + will / won't 

To talk about possible actions in the future, i.e.
If it's sunny, we'll go to the beach.
If I have enough money, I'll go to India this summer.
If it rains, we won't play football.

The clauses can be turned around and then you don't need a comma, i.e.
We'll go to the beach if it's sunny.
I'll go to India this summer if I have enough money.
We won't play football if it rains.

Modal Verbs

might -  possibility, i.e.

  • It might rain later, look at those clouds. = it may rain later
  • I might come to the party. If I'm not too tired. = I may come
 
must/n't  -  in this conversation must means it is necessary or important for someone     
                       to do, or not do, something, i.e.
  • I must eat healthier food: I'm *putting on so much weight.
  • We must buy a new computer, this one is so slow now.
  • You mustn't leave the kitchen in a mess. *Clear up when you've finished cooking.
* (to) put on weight (Phrasal Verb) = to increase in body weight
* (to) clear up (Phrasal Verb) = to clean and/or tidy a room or a desk, etc.

need  -  something is necessary, i.e.

  • I need to buy food today.
  • You need to see a doctor about that injury to your leg.

Should/n't have + past particple 
a) to say what was the right thing to do in the past
b) to say that a wrong thing was done or a mistake made in the past
a) should have, (don't forget: we contract in speech: should have = should've) i.e.

  • You should've gone to bed earlier.
  • She should've asked her friends for help. 

b) shouldn't have, i.e.

  • I shouldn't have eaten so much.
  • It's cold, he shouldn't have gone out without a jacket.

Vocabulary
to give your word  - to promise something, i.e.
  • I give you my word: you won't be punished if you tell us the truth.
  • Your manager gave us his word that our deposit would be refunded.

proud  -  feeling pleased and satisfied by something you or someone else has done, i.e.
  • He was very proud of the garden he made.
  • She was proud of her daughter for getting into university.

root  -  the part of a plant or tree which is usually below ground and collects water.

(to) trip  -  to catch your foot on something and stumble or fall, i.e.

  • She tripped over the child's toy and fell.
  • He put out his leg and tripped up the thief as he was running away.
Tim, who has climbed a tree to protect it, climbs down after the Mayor of Downhaven promises it will not be cut down.

Complete the sentences.

Mayor:  Listen, Tim, you climb down now then the tree be saved.

Tim:       You give your word it will not be cut down.

Mayor:  I give you my word.

Sam:      Tim, you come down. It's dangerous to stay up there. You fall.

Tim climbs down.

Tim:       I have to tell you, Mayor, that the Council tries to cut down any more trees in 
                 this street then do it again.

Mayor:   Right, Tim, we'll remember that.

Sam:       I'm proud of you, Tim, but you done it.

Tim:       Well, Mum, I to do it to show the town council that they can't just cut 
                 down a beautiful tree because someone trip over one of its roots; it's a
                 very small root and I don't think anyone will trip over it.  



Exercise

Complete the sentences with the language you have practised.

need  -  will  -  should've  -  might  -  must  - shouldn't  -  have  
Use capital letters where necessay.

1.   - Are you going to Alice's party?
      - I don't know. I go.
      - you do, I'll come with you.

2.   I to buy a new computer: this one's old and very slow now.

3.   Your cough sounds terrible. You stop smoking.

4.   If you stop smoking your cough get better.

5.   - I failed the exam.  
      - Well, you studied harder.

6.   - I think I've caught a cold.
      - Well, you work less. You'll become ill you keep working so much.

8.    - I'm tired. I haven't relaxed this weekend.
       - Well, you shouldn't spent so much time playing computer games.

9.    - My boss ask me to work in Berlin for a month. I'll know for sure next week.
       - you go, if he does ask you?