First Conditional + Modal VerbsRevision:
Present Simple - Future SimpleNotes:
if + present simple + will / won't
To talk about possible actions in the future, i.e.If it's sunny, we'll go to the beach.If I have enough money, I'll go to India this summer.
If it rains, we won't play football.
The clauses can be turned around and then you don't need a comma, i.e.We'll go to the beach if it's sunny.I'll go to India this summer if I have enough money.We won't play football if it rains.
might - possibility, i.e.
- It might rain later, look at those clouds. = it may rain later
- I might come to the party. If I'm not too tired. = I may come
must/n't - in this conversation must means it is necessary or important for someone
to do, or not do, something, i.e.
* (to) put on weight (Phrasal Verb) = to increase in body weight* (to) clear up (Phrasal Verb) = to clean and/or tidy a room or a desk, etc.
- I must eat healthier food: I'm *putting on so much weight.
- We must buy a new computer, this one is so slow now.
- You mustn't leave the kitchen in a mess. *Clear up when you've finished cooking.
need - something is necessary, i.e.
- I need to buy food today.
- You need to see a doctor about that injury to your leg.
Should/n't have + past particple
a) to say what was the right thing to do in the past
b) to say that a wrong thing was done or a mistake made in the past
a) should have, (don't forget: we contract in speech: should have = should've) i.e.
- You should've gone to bed earlier.
- She should've asked her friends for help.
b) shouldn't have, i.e.
- I shouldn't have eaten so much.
- It's cold, he shouldn't have gone out without a jacket.
to give your word
- to promise something, i.e.
proud - feeling pleased and satisfied by something you or someone else has done, i.e.
- I give you my word: you won't be punished if you tell us the truth.
- Your manager gave us his word that our deposit would be refunded.
root - the part of a plant or tree which is usually below ground and collects water.
- He was very proud of the garden he made.
- She was proud of her daughter for getting into university.
(to) trip - to catch your foot on something and stumble or fall, i.e.
- She tripped over the child's toy and fell.
- He put out his leg and tripped up the thief as he was running away.