13. Present Perfect for/since

13. Present Perfect for/since

Tim saves a tree!

Main Practice:  Present Perfect and Present Perfect Continuous with 'for' and 'since'.
Revision:            What on earth...?  -  First Conditional

Notes
Present Perfect  -  have + past participle + for covers a period of time, i.e.
  • I've been a lawyer for ten years.
  • She's worked here for three months.  -   She's been working here for three months.
    * These two sentences mean the same but the continuous one, (working) focuses more on 
       the action.

Present Perfect  -  have + past participle + since means from a point in *time, i.e.
  • I've been a lawyer since 2008.
  • She's worked here since May.

* the 'time' doesn't have to be a time word, i.e.
  • I've liked books since I was a child.
  • They've known each other since they were at university.

Vocabulary
(the / a ) Council -
 in the UK towns and cities have councils; their elected 
                                        members act to manage the town, rather like a local government.

(to) make your point  - to express what you want to say; to focus people's attention on
                                               something, (usually used in serious or formal discussion) i.e.
-  He made the point that now the town is car-free more shoppers come because the air
    is cleaner.


rubbish  -  
a)  things that can be thrown away, i.e.

  • All these old clothes and newspapers are rubbish, you can throw them out.
b)  nonsense, silly talk, (can be rude if you don't know the person well) i.e.
- He's fine now, he can go back to work tomorrow.
- You're talking rubbish, anyone can see he's still ill; of course he can't work tomorrow.


upset
 -  to be unahppy, disappointed, worried or anxious, i.e.

  • She's very upset because her son is moving to Australia.
  • He's upset because his girlfriend has ended their relationship.

What on earth...?  -  to express surprise, irriation or anger, (can use other relative 
                                         pronouns, according to meaning) i.e.

  • What on earth are you doing? You can't clean your motorbike in the kitchen.
  • Why on earth are you so late?
  • Where on earth did you put the TV control? I can't find it anywhere.
Tim has climbed a tree to stop the town council cutting it down. Tim's sister, Katie, arrives to find out what's happening. Tim's phoned his journalist mother and wants her to write the story.

Fill the gaps with for or since.

Then, if you've signed up for audio, listen and repeat the conversation to work on your pronunciation. It will also help you remember the grammar. 

PC
 = Police Constable


Katie:  Oh, my God, that's my brother up there. 

Tim:    Hi, Katie.

Katie:  I've been looking for you hours. What on earth are you doing up there? 

Tim:     Saving the tree. The Council want to cut it down because they say one of its roots
              is dangerous for people walking, which is rubbish!

Katie:   Tim, you must come down. The police are coming.

Tim:     No. I've been here nine o'clock this morning and I'm not coming down.

Katie:   Tim, please, come down.

Tim:     No. This tree has happily lived here many years and I'll stay up here for weeks if I
               have to. I've loved this tree I was a child and I'm not going to let them murder
               it.
   
Katie:   You must be hungry.

Tim:     No, I've got plenty of food up here with me.

Katie:   Well, I'm going to phone Mum. She'll be very upset.

Tim:      No, she won't. I've already phoned her. She's coming here. I want her to write up the
                story in her newspaper.

Katie:    This is crazy. And look, here are the police.

PC:        All right, young man, you've made your point. Now, come down.

Tim       I will, if you arrest Council officers for attempted tree murder.

PC:        You know I can't do that.

Tim:      Then I'm not coming down.


Exercise

Complete the sentences with 'for' or 'since'.

1.  That's the best game they've played they beat Manchester United last year.

2.  He's been trying to make a robot the last five years.

3.  She's loved that band she was a teenager.

4.   a very long time he's wanted to visit the United States, ever he read all
     those Superman comics when he was a *kid.

5.  - I've been waiting for you nine o'clock, nearly forty minutes.
     - I'm so sorry. I *bumped into a friend I haven't seen we were at school together and
       while we were *chatting I missed the bus.  Really sorry. 

* kid  -  child, (informal)
  to bump into someone  -  to meet them by accident, (informal)
  chatting  -  talking, (informal)