Present Perfect and Present Perfect Continuous with 'for' and 'since'.Revision:
What on earth...? - First ConditionalNotesPresent Perfect
- have + past participle + for
covers a period of time, i.e.
the action.Present Perfect
- I've been a lawyer for ten years.
- She's worked here for three months. - She's been working here for three months.
* These two sentences mean the same but the continuous one, (working) focuses more on
- have + past participle + since
means from a point in *time, i.e.
- I've been a lawyer since 2008.
- She's worked here since May.
* the 'time' doesn't have to be a time word, i.e.
- I've liked books since I was a child.
- They've known each other since they were at university.
(the / a ) Council - in the UK towns and cities have councils; their elected
members act to manage the town, rather like a local government.
(to) make your point - to express what you want to say; to focus people's attention on
something, (usually used in serious or formal discussion) i.e.
- He made the point that now the town is car-free more shoppers come because the air
a) things that can be thrown away, i.e.
b) nonsense, silly talk, (can be rude if you don't know the person well) i.e.- He's fine now, he can go back to work tomorrow.
- All these old clothes and newspapers are rubbish, you can throw them out.
- You're talking rubbish, anyone can see he's still ill; of course he can't work tomorrow.
upset - to be unahppy, disappointed, worried or anxious, i.e.
What on earth...? - to express surprise, irriation or anger, (can use other relative
- She's very upset because her son is moving to Australia.
- He's upset because his girlfriend has ended their relationship.
pronouns, according to meaning) i.e.
- What on earth are you doing? You can't clean your motorbike in the kitchen.
- Why on earth are you so late?
- Where on earth did you put the TV control? I can't find it anywhere.