Present Perfect Notes:
The Second ConditionalIf
+ past simple
Remember: in spoken English the pronoun and auxillary verb are usually contracted, i.e. She would = she'd - I would = I'd - he will = he'll The second conditional can be used to:
a) talk about imaginary or impossible situations, i.e.
- If I was an animal, I'd like to be a dolphin.
- If I was prime minister, I'd try to reduce traffic on the roads.
- I could study better, if my brother and sister weren't so noisy.
b) talk about unlikely future events, i.e.
- We could buy a new house, if we had the money. (But we don't have the money.)
- If everybody drove their cars less, the air would be cleaner. (Probably people are
not going to drive their cars less.)
- If I went to the party, I might not like it. (So probably I'm not going to go.)
c) to give advice (In the if clause was or were can be used.)
- If I was/were you, I'd buy a new computer.
- I wouldn't take that job, if I were/was you. The pay is not good enough.