3. Second Conditional

3. Second Conditional

Tim and friends daydream.

Main practice:  Second conditional                          
Revision:          Present Perfect    
The Second Conditional
If + past simple + would/could/might

Remember: in spoken English the pronoun and auxillary verb are usually contracted, i.e.  
She would = she'd   -   I would = I'd   -   he will = he'll 
The second conditional can be used to:
a) talk about imaginary or impossible situations, i.e.
-   If I was an animal, I'd like to be a dolphin.
-   If I was prime minister, I'd try to reduce traffic on the roads. 
-   I could study better, if my brother and sister weren't so noisy.

b) talk about unlikely future events, i.e.
-   We could buy a new house, if we had the money. (But we don't have the money.)
-   If everybody drove their cars less, the air would be cleaner. (Probably people are
    not going to drive their cars less.)
-   If I went to the party, I might not like it. (So probably I'm not going to go.)

c) to give advice   (In the if clause was or were can be used.)
- If I was/were you, I'd buy a new computer.
- I wouldn't take that job, if I were/was you. The pay is not good enough.
Mike's friend has been given three thousand pounds by his grandmother for his 18th birthday. Mike, Tim, and Ravi talk about what they would do if they had three thousand pounds.

Complete the sentences.

 My friend's grandmother has just given him three thousand pounds
             for his eighteenth birthday.

Tim:   Lucky boy.

Mike:  If you three thousand pounds what you do?

Tim:    buy a new guitar and a better amplifier. How about you?

Mike:  save the money to buy a car when I'm eighteen. Ravi?

Ravi:   Well, if I three thousand pounds, take my parents for a
              nice, relaxing holiday.

Tim:    Hey, what a kind guy you are.

Ravi:   Well, if they work so hard with our vegetable business
              have time for a holiday; but they're always working.  

Mike:  If I you, take them to India. They'd love to visit
              the country where they were born. 

Ravi:   Great idea. You know, I think they agreed, take them to Rajasthan.

Tim:     But none of us have three thousand pounds.

Ravi:    No, we're just day-dreaming.


Using the verb in brackets complete the second sentence so it means the same as the first.
Remember: we usually contract the pronouns and verbs in spoken English:
he would = he'd    -   she would = she'd   -   would not = wouldn't   -   I would = I'd 

1.  It's possible for him to pass the exam, but only if he works harder.   (would)

     If he harder, pass the exam.  

2.  I can't drive you to the airport because I don't have enough time. (could)

     If I the time, I drive you to the airport.

3.  She won't marry him because she doesn't love him  (would)

     If she him, marry him.

4.   I'd like to grow vegetables but my garden's too small. (might)

      I  grow vegetables, my garden was bigger.

5.   The weather's not good so we can't go to the beach. (would)

      If the weather so bad, go to the beach.

6.   I don't have any more exams so I feel happy.  (would not)

      If I more exams, I feel happy. 

7.   I'm sorry, I don't have enough money to buy you a birthday present. (would)
      buy you a birthday present, if I more money.