* stalking - to persistently harass someone with unwanted attention, following them, phoning, texting them, etc.
Adverbial Participle ClausesRevision:
Present Perfect - Present Perfect Coninuous - narrative tensesNotes:
the participle - ing / ed
a clause - a part of a sentence having a subject, a verb and a predicate, (a predicate says
something about the subject, i.e. rode the horse in Sally rode the horse)
A participle phrase, (more common in writing than speaking) is added to a clause to give more information in a more economical way, i.e. the following example lets us avoid using When I....
- Walking into the party, I just knew it was going to a great evening. = When I walked into the party, I just knew....
- Disappointed with the music, I left the party early. = Because I was disappointed with the music, I....
* If the participle phrase is before the main clause it must refer to the clause's subject, and is usually followed by a comma. If it comes after, then either the subject or object of the main clause is the subject of the participle phrase, i.e.
- I saw Jim dancing on a table.
- Jim fell off the table, breaking his wrist. (refers to subject of the main clause)
- Jim fell onto a chair, smashing it. (refers to the object of the main clause)
With time words, (the participle is usually -ing):
- Not seeing Maria, I left the party.
- There was no public transport and so, not having a car, I couldn't go to the party.
- Not wanting to take the exam again, I studied hard to make sure I passed first time.
- After reading the report, I knew we had a big problem.
- While waiting for our flight, Stephanie beat me three times at chess.
- When visiting James, I came down with flu.
- Make sure you read these three books before attending his lectures.
- Since discussing this with my financial adviser, I've decided not to invest in the business.
to break up - (here) to end a romantic relationship, i.e.
- I've been working hard this morning
- Richard's broken up with Hannah.
our minds are in tune - two or more people are thinking alike, i.e.
- The manager's and the designer's minds are in tune on this project; they see things from the same perspective.
rubbish - (here) stupid talk, nonsense, i.e.
- Rubbish: you've spent most of the morning playing games on your computer.
- The government are doing a great job.
- You're talking rubbish: they're a terrible goverment.
- (informal) frightening, i.e.
- The film was a bit scary; I couldn't watch some of it.