15. Adverbial Participle Clauses

15. Adverbial Participle Clauses

Carl is *stalking Katie!

* stalking - to persistently harass someone with unwanted attention, following them, phoning, texting them, etc.

Main Practice:
  Adverbial Participle Clauses
Revision:          Present Perfect  -  Present Perfect Coninuous  -  narrative tenses

Notes:
the participle - ing  /  ed
a clause - a part of a sentence having a subject, a verb and a predicate, (a predicate says
                    something about the subject, i.e. rode the horse   in   Sally rode the horse)

A participle phrase, (more common in writing than speaking) is added to a clause to give more information in a more economical way, i.e. the following example lets us avoid using When I....

  • Walking into the party, I just knew it was going to a great evening. = When I walked into the party, I just knew....
  • Disappointed with the music, I left the party early. = Because I was disappointed with the music, I....

    * If the participle phrase is before the main clause it must refer to the clause's subject, and is usually followed by a comma. If it comes after, then either the subject or object of the main clause is the subject of the participle phrase, i.e.
  • I saw Jim dancing on a table.
  • Jim fell off the table, breaking his wrist.  (refers to subject of the main clause)
  • Jim fell onto a chair, smashing it. (refers to the object of the main clause)

Negatives:
  • Not seeing Maria, I left the party.
  • There was no public transport and so, not having a car, I couldn't go to the party.
  • Not wanting to take the exam again, I studied hard to make sure I passed first time.

With time words, (the participle is usually -ing):
  • After reading the report, I knew we had a big problem.
  • While waiting for our flight, Stephanie beat me three times at chess.
  • When visiting James, I came down with flu. 
  • Make sure you read these three books before attending his lectures.
  • Since discussing this with my financial adviser, I've decided not to invest in the business.

Vocabulary:
to break up  -
(here) to end a romantic relationship, i.e.

  • Richard's broken up with Hannah. 

    our minds are in tune - two or more people are thinking alike, i.e.
  • The manager's and the designer's minds are in tune on this project; they see things from the same perspective.

    rubbish  -  (here) stupid talk, nonsense, i.e.
-  I've been working hard this morning
-  Rubbish: you've spent most of the morning playing games on your computer.

-  The government are doing a great job.
-  You're talking rubbish: they're a terrible goverment.

scary - (informal) frightening, i.e.
  • The film was a bit scary; I couldn't watch some of it.

Bill and Sam return home from their disastrous holiday to find their daughter, Katie - who is at home from university - is being *stalked by her ex-boyfriend, Carl, who is supposed to be at his home in the northern city of Manchester.

* stalking - to persistently harass someone with unwanted attention, following them, phoning, texting them, etc.

Complete the sentences.

Katie:
 How was your holiday?

Sam:    A disaster. The hotel food was disgusting, the staff were rude and the beach was dirty.  
              Anyway, how're you? You don't look happy.

Katie:  I'm not. broken up with Carl I thought that was the end of it. But he keeps
              texting me and somehow he seems to know where I am all the time.

Bill:     What exactly do you mean, Katie?

Katie:  Well, I've been home for a week and, to get used to life without Carl, I've been
              seeing old friends, my old boyfriend, James. Then I get a text from Carl
              asking why I'm seeing James again, me of continuing to see him while I was
              with Carl, which is untrue. Then I went to the cinema with my friend, Susie, and got a
              text from Carl asking if I'd enjoyed the movie. 

Sam:    How long has this been happening, Katie?

Katie:   At university it happened once but at home I've had five texts. The other
               night I had dinner here with my friend, Susie,  and told her I don't love Carl anymore.
               An hour later I got a text from Carl saying, 'Oh, so you don't love me anymore.'

Bill:      Have you asked him about it?

Katie:   Yes, he says its happening because our minds are so in tune he just knows these
               things, which is complete rubbish, of course.

Sam:     Have you seen him, I mean, around here?

Katie:    That's the scary thing. Two nights ago, I heard something outside and went to the 
               window and after there about a minute I think I saw someone climb out of
               one of the trees and disappear over the wall. 

Bill:        Did you phone the police?

Katie:    No, I was so unsure that I'd seen anyone.

Sam:      You should've phoned them. Anyway, about it, I believe I know how Carl
               knows where you are.





Exercise

Complete the sentences with the participles, adding capital letters where necessary.

tired  -  having  - trapped  - renovating  -  taking over  -  forced  -  beating  -  retiring  -  struggling  -  feeling

1.   told his staff they weren't working hard enough, he left the meeting.

2.  She began her chess career in 2005, three grand-masters that year.

3.   after the match, he fell asleep for four hours.

4.   concerned about the accuracy of the result, the professor asked her team to repeat
     the experiment.

5.  On from his job, he set up an on-line business.

6.   in the ruins after the earthquake, she survived for four days on a bottle of
      water and chocolate, which she had in her bag.

7.   After the company she extended the export side of the business.

8.   Despite with the problem for many years, Einstein never developed a unified
        field theory. 

9.  They bought the house in June. After completely it in four months they
     moved in just before Christmas.

10   from their homes by the war, they became refugees.