14.  3rd and mixed conditionals.

14. 3rd and mixed conditionals.

Bill and Sam have a holiday argument.

Main practice:  3rd and Mixed Conditionals
Revision:             phrasal verbs

Notes
3rd Conditional: meaning - past:  if + had + past participle + would have + past participle, i.e.
If you had phoned me, I would've come to the party.
We would've flown three hours earlier it there hadn't been a bomb scare at the airport.

Mixed conditional: meaning - past and present: if + had + past participle + would + to be, i.e.
If I'd gone to bed earlier, I wouldn't feel so tired. (i.e. I'm tired now.)
This river would be clean if the factory hadn't polluted it. (The river is polluted now.)

Vocabulary
turning out  -  (Phrasal Verb) something has a particular result; to eventually become, i.e.
- It rained this morning but this afternoon's turned out fine.

run out of  -  (Phrasal Verb) something is used up, finished, i.e.
- We've run out of coffee. = We did have coffee now it's all gone.
- We've run out of time. = We have no more time.

pop down   -  (Informal) to visit somewhere for a short time. ‘down' implies to a lower level,
                          or moving south, and 'up', usually, the opposite, i.e.
- I'm just popping down to the supermarket.
- We're popping up to London tomorrow.


Bill and Sam are having a disastrous holiday and have an argument about who's fault it is. 

Complete the sentences with third or mixed conditionals. 

Remember, we usually contract when speaking: we'd  -  wouldn't  -  would've  -  hadn't.

Sam: This hotel is a disaster.

Bill:  The whole holiday is turning out to be a disaster. The beach is dirty and the local shops
          have run out of sun cream.

Sam: Well, if (we - book) with our usual travel agent we (be)
           in this mess.

Bill:  And if you, Sam, (want) the cheapest holiday we (be) in
          this mess.

Sam: Oh, it's my fault for wanting to save money, is it? Well, we (have) the
           money for a good holiday, if you (want) a new car.

Bill:  We needed a new car.

Sam: Yes, but we didn't need to spend ten thousand pounds on one. 

Bill:  Well, if you (say) you wanted a comfortable car that would last a long    
          time then I (buy) a cheaper car.

Sam: But if (you - spend) seven thousand instead of ten we now be
           enjoying a good holiday.

Bill:   I told you: I couldn't find a good car at that price.

Sam: All right, let's not argue anymore. What shall we do?

Bill:   Let's go home and ask the travel agent for our money back. Then pop down to * Cornwall
           for a few days. Cornwall's always beautiful.

Sam: Fine. Good idea.

* Cornwall - a beautiful county in the south-west of Britain.


Exercise:

Complete the sentences with the language you've practised.

Again, remember to contract: wouldn't  -  we'd  -  I'd, etc.

1.  If  (she - ask) me, I (lend) her the car.

2.  The children (be) so tired, if (we - let) them sleep longer.

3.  If (they - catch) the later bus, they (miss) the start of the
     movie.

4.  Of course, *I  (buy) you a present, if (I - know) it was your
     birthday.

5.  If the company (invest) in new technology, it  (be) much
     more efficient now.

6.    (you - be) a much better pianist now, if (you - start) to learn
     earlier.

7.   If governments (start) using clean fuel technology years ago climate
      change (be) such a threat now.

* Can be pronounced two ways: I would've bought - I'd have bought