11. 1st, 2nd, 3rd Conditionals

11. 1st, 2nd, 3rd Conditionals

11. Katie's boyfriend's possessive.

Main Practice:  First, Second, and Third Conditional
Revision:             keen to  -  bound to  -  to pick someone up 

First Conditional: if + present simple + will/can/could/may/might
To express possible future actions, i.e.
  • If you lend me the money, I'll pay you back in a week. 
  • I'll give you a game of tennis, if I don't feel tired. (the clauses can be reversed)

    Second Condtional: if + past simple + would/could/might
    To express unreal / imaginary or unlikely or impossible situations, i.e.
    If I was Prime Minister, I'd build more schools.  (imaginary)
    If she practised more she would be a very good pianist. (unlikely)
    We could go back and see what happened, if we had a time machine. (impossible)

    Third Conditional:   if + past perfect + would/could/might have + past participle
    To express possible events in the past that did not happen, i.e.
  • If you had asked me, I would've come to your party.
  • The idea might have been successful, if the company had done it sooner. 
  • If you hadn't lost the money in the casino, we could've afforded a holiday.  


bound to  -  the speaker feels something is certain happen, i.e.
  • It's bound to rain tomorrow.
  • The government are bound to lose this election.

expand  - to make something larger or more extensive, i.e.
  • After five years they expanded their business and set up factories in China.

efficient  - well-organised; working well; no waste of effort or money, i.e.
  • She's a very efficient manager.
  • The machine uses fuel efficiently.

frankly  -   to speak directly, (may sound impolite),  i.e.
- Do you like our new sofa?
- Well, frankly, no, I think it's too large and the colour is wrong for this room.

  • Frankly, you're not doing a good job. You're lazy and rude to customers. You've got one
    week to improve or you'll have to leave. 

keen to   -   a strong wanting, enthusiasm, i.e.
  • She's keen to *take up tennis.
  • He's keen to start the meeting at two o'clock.
  • They're keen to start work on the project as soon as possible.
*take up - (Phrasal verb) to begin a sport or hobby

pick up  -  (Phrasal verb) Different meanings; in this conversation it means to collect
                   someone in a car, i.e.
  • I'll pick you up at the station at ten.
  • Can you pick me up at the airport?

possessive - demanding someone's attention and love all the time, i.e.
  • They're too possessive of their children, they don't give them any freedom.
  • She's rather possessive. She hates her boyfriend to even speak to other girls.

risky -  involving the possibility of danger or a bad outcome, i.e.
  • It's too risky to climb the mountain in this weather.
  • It's risky to invest any more money in the company.

to go out with someone  -  to have romantic relationship, i.e.
  • Maria's going out with John.
  • They've been going out for about a year now.
Katie has comes home from university unexpectedly. She explains to her father that her boyfriend, Carl, is being too possessive.

Complete the sentences.

Bill:     Katie, what a lovely surprise. If you were coming I  
             * at the station.

Katie: S'okay, Dad, I got the bus. Where's mum?

Bill:     At work. Well, why're you back, it's not the end of term?

Katie: Oh, I was keen to get away for a while.

Bill:     Problems with Carl?

Katie:  Well, yes, frankly. He's a great guy but if how possessive
               he was going to be I out with him.

Bill:     I guess he loves you.

Katie: Does he? I think if he really me he to be so controlling
             all the time.

Bill:    Bad, is it?

Katie: Oh, Dad, he's so possessive, he  wants to know where I am all time and he doesn't want
             me to go out with friends. If he change, have to end our relationship.

Katie's phone rings.

Katie: That's bound to be him now, checking where I am. Well, I'm not answering it.

*would've is also possible


Complete the sentences.
Remember to contract:    not I would - I'd         not they would - they'd

1.  If I lived in France study French cooking.

2. If it rains tomorrow we have a picnic. Instead, we'll go to the cinema.

3.  If the goverment (improve) health care, I'd vote for them.

4.  The bank crashed, if it's directors had been honest. If I was a banker I 
      make risky investments with other people's money then lie about it. If the
     government controls the banks more efficiently in the future there be such terrible

5.  They'd have won the match if (train) more.

6.  -  The company do well if they don't increase their advertsing.
     -  But if they (increase) advertising they won't have enough money for research. 
     -  Well, if (listen) to me they wouldn't have expanded until they
         had the finance for necessary levels of both advertising and research.