: First, Second, and Third Conditional Revision
: keen to - bound to - to pick someone up Notes:
First Conditional: if + present simple + will/can/could/may/might
To express possible future actions, i.e.
- If you lend me the money, I'll pay you back in a week.
- I'll give you a game of tennis, if I don't feel tired. (the clauses can be reversed)
Second Condtional: if + past simple + would/could/might
To express unreal / imaginary or unlikely or impossible situations, i.e.
If I was Prime Minister, I'd build more schools. (imaginary)
If she practised more she would be a very good pianist. (unlikely)
We could go back and see what happened, if we had a time machine. (impossible)
Third Conditional: if + past perfect + would/could/might have + past participle
To express possible events in the past that did not happen, i.e.
- If you had asked me, I would've come to your party.
- The idea might have been successful, if the company had done it sooner.
- If you hadn't lost the money in the casino, we could've afforded a holiday.
- the speaker feels something is certain happen, i.e.
- It's bound to rain tomorrow.
- The government are bound to lose this election.
- to make something larger or more extensive, i.e.
- After five years they expanded their business and set up factories in China.
- well-organised; working well; no waste of effort or money, i.e.
frankly - to speak directly, (may sound impolite), i.e.
- She's a very efficient manager.
- The machine uses fuel efficiently.
- Do you like our new sofa?
- Well, frankly, no, I think it's too large and the colour is wrong for this room.
- Frankly, you're not doing a good job. You're lazy and rude to customers. You've got one
week to improve or you'll have to leave.
- a strong wanting, enthusiasm, i.e.
- She's keen to *take up tennis.
- He's keen to start the meeting at two o'clock.
- They're keen to start work on the project as soon as possible.
- (Phrasal verb) to begin a sport or hobbypick up
- (Phrasal verb) Different meanings; in this conversation it means to collect
someone in a car, i.e.
- I'll pick you up at the station at ten.
- Can you pick me up at the airport?
- demanding someone's attention and love all the time, i.e.
- They're too possessive of their children, they don't give them any freedom.
- She's rather possessive. She hates her boyfriend to even speak to other girls.
- involving the possibility of danger or a bad outcome, i.e.
to go out with someone
- It's too risky to climb the mountain in this weather.
- It's risky to invest any more money in the company.
- to have romantic relationship, i.e.
- Maria's going out with John.
- They've been going out for about a year now.