15. Speculating about the future.

15. Speculating about the future.

Tim and his friends discuss future society.

Main Practice: Speculating about the future. 
Revision:            Future Simple  -  Future Continuous  -  Mixed Conditional

Vocabulary
very certain

bound to (be), ie:

  • She's bound to be late, she always is.
  • It's bound to rain soon: look at that sky.

    highly likely, ie:
  • It's highly likely the judge will send him to prison: it is the third time he's committed that kind of crime.
  • It's highly likely she'll take the job in Madrid: she speaks fluent Spanish and told me she's always wanted to live in.

little doubt (that), ie:
  • There's little doubt (that) the painting will sell for at least fifty million.
  • He has little doubt (that) his company will win the contract.

    moderately certain
    a strong possibility, ie:
  • There's a strong possibility the President's party will lose the election.
  • I see a strong possibility of these coastal properties falling into the sea in the next ten years due to climate change.

quite likely, ie: 

  • It's quite likely he'll  win the race.
  • Her promotion to director is quite likely in the next six months.
 
very uncertain 

almost no chance, ie: 

  • There's almost no chance of saving the building: the fire has caused too much damage.
  • I have almost no chance of passing the exam: I haven't studied enough.

    a slight possibility, ie:
  • There's a slight possibilty he'll lend you the money, but don't rely on it happening.
  • It's a slight possibility she may not be well enough to go on holiday, but she's improving
   every day so I expect her to be fit enough to go.
Tim, Ravi and Mike discuss future society. Mike is pessimistic but Tim and Ravi try to * look on the bright side.

*An idiom: to be positive about a difficult or negative situation.



Mike:  I'm pessimistic about the future. I mean, there's climate change, overpopulation,
             pollution...

Tim:   Well, I think you have to be optimistic. For example, everyone's to be
             driving electric cars soon and that will cut pollution and reduce climate change.

Ravi:  That's right. And it's likely that we'll be living on other planets in our 
             life-times and that will help solve any overpopulation on earth. 

Tim:   And there's a possibility that politicians will choose more envionmentally-
             friendly policies.

Mike:  Yes, but there's also doubt that we'll soon have designer babies, but only for
              those rich enough to pay for the technology. And Professor Stephen Hawking 
              feared that would lead to a new race of 'super humans'.

Ravi:   Well, while that might happen I believe humanity will make the right choices.        
              There's a difference in using genetic engineering to prevent diseases and trying to  
               improve humans.

Tim:    I'm not so sure, I'd say there's no chance of people not using a technology
              to improve IQ, length of life and physical appearance if it exists.
 



Exercise



1.  There's doubt that our company will win the contract.


2.  There's no chance of us buying a house this year: we need to save more money.

3.  It's likely that climate change is a factor in the cause of the wild fires.

4.  It's a possibility that a new road will be built around the town.

5.  There's to be floods after all this rain.

6.  I thought it was highly John was the thief but there was almost to
     prove it. 

7.  There's bound lots of people at the party: Jane's parties are always very popular.