13. -ing and -ed adjectives

13. -ing and -ed adjectives

Tim has a bad flight.

Main Practice:  -ing and -ed adjectives
Revision:             Past Continuous  -  must have (must've), for speculating about the past.

Notes -ed and -ing adjectives
The word excited describes a person's feeling.
The word exciting descibes the thing which makes the person feel that way.

  • I was very excited by her ideas.
  • Her ideas were very exciting.
exhausted / exhausting    -    very tired, i.e.
  • I ran a marathon yesterday and I'm still exhausted.
  • Looking after my sister's children all day was good fun but exhausting.

appalling  -   very bad, i.e.
  • I was appalled by the children's behaviour; they were uncontrollable.
  • The weather was appalling so we spent a lot of time in museums and art galleries. 

a) amazed  -  surprising (usually)  
  • Everyone was amazed that he left such a well-playing job to become a school teacher.
  • I was amazed by her rudeness to the waiter.

b) amazing - wonderful (usually) i.e. 
  • The film was amazing.  
  • Their new house is amazing

    fascinated  /  fascinating
     -  very interesting, i.e.
  • I was fascinated to see how intelligent the animals were.
  • It was fascinating to see how intelligent the animals were.

 -  sudden movements in air or water
Tim has been on a school trip to Paris and is telling his mother all about it.

Choose the correct form of the adjective to fill the gaps, (they are not given in order).

Sam: So how was Paris?

Tim:  Well, the weather was , it rained all the time and then our plane was caught in
             a thunder storm on the way back .

Sam:  Oh no, what happened?

Tim:  The turbulence was very bad. The plane jumped up and down; bags were flying
            everywhere, people were screaming.

Sam:  Oh, Tim, that must've been

Tim:  You bet, I was very for a few minutes, then I got calmer and the teachers
            were telling us not to worry.

Sam:   Was anyone hurt?

Tim:  No, no one got hurt. And, actually, now I think about it, it was quite .

Sam:  Well, yes, I suppose it was. Thank God no one was hurt. Now, what about Paris?

Tim:  Paris was . I was *as to how many tourists there were though; the
           city centre was very crowded.

Sam: Which was your favourite day, going to Disney land?

Tim:  No, actually, it was the day we visited Notre Dame. We had a really good guide and she
            told us all about the history of the cathedral. It was .

Sam: How about the **Louvre?

Tim:  Mmm…well, I thought some of the art was a little but I was to see
            the famous Mona Lisa, though it was a lot smaller than I expected.

Sam:  Well, now I expect you'd like something to eat?

Tim:  Actually, Mum, I'd like to sleep first, the trip was great but quite .

* as to = about, or regarding  (it could be omitted from this sentence).
** The Louvre Museum


Complete the sentences with the language you've practised.

amazed  / amazing -  bored / boring  -  fascinated / fascinating  -  terrified  /  terrifying -  exhausted / exhausting  -  interested / interesting   

* fascinating - (a strong adjective) you can't use very with strong adjectives.

1.  Well, I thought the film was exciting but James was by it.

2.  I've played two games of football this afternoon, I'm .

3.  Yes, she finds history very , in fact she's thinking of studying it at university.

4.  Well, we were trapped on the mountain for the night. It was pretty scary, in fact, some of us
      were .

5.  He's had a life, I could listen to him talk for hours.

6.  I was at how quickly he learnt English.

7.  - I liked classical music when I was younger but now I think it's .
     - Well, I'm not by classical music; I think it's wonderful.

8.  The film was . It was so frightening I couldn't sleep after watching it.

9.  I looked after her childen while she went shopping. I had to play with them for three hours.
     It was absolutely ; now I just want to sleep.