11. Verbs followed by ing or to + infinitive

11. Verbs followed by ing or to + infinitive

Tim's not enjoying the picnic.

Main practice:   ing      and     to + infinitive    following  certain verbs
Revision:            suggest

Notes:
  • In English there is a group of verbs followed by ing, a group followed by to + infinitive and, just to make it more fun, a group followed by both, but with changes of meaning.

    Some Examples
    remember + ing:            
    I remember going to Paris when I was five.
                                                    To remember something from the past.

    remember + to + infin.   I must remember to lock the door.
                                                    To remember something you might forget, or have forgotten.

    forget + ing:                  
    I've forgotten being scared of dogs when I was a child, but my
                                                    father
     tells me I was.
                                            To forget something you know did happen.

    forget + to + infin.          She forgot to send the email.
                                           
    To forget to do something.

    stop +  ing                      
    I've stopped smoking.
                                                     To stop doing something.

    stop + to + infin.                We stopped (cycling) to have lunch.                           
                                         
        To stop one thing to do another.

    enjoy + ing                      
    I enjoy reading very much.                   

    suggest +  ing                    I suggest catching the later train
    Also:                                    I suggest that we catch the later train.

    Vocabulary
    (to) complain   -  to express dissatisfaction or annoyance, i.e.
  • I'm going to complain to the manager: this meal is terrible.
  • Stop complaining, we'll move to another hotel tomorrow.

    (to) refuse  -  
    to say you are unwilling to do or to accept something, i.e.
  • The bank has refused to lend the company any more money.
  • He refused to drive me to the airport. He says he's too busy this morning.
The family have gone on a picnic but not everyone is happy.

Fill the gaps with an infinitive + to or the gerund (ing)

Bill:    Did anyone remember (bring) the bottle opener?

Katie: I remember (see) it on the fridge.

Tim:    Well, why didn't you bring it?

Katie: I was busy packing the sandwiches.

Tim:    I don't like the countryside, we should've gone to the beach.

Sam:   Tim, will you please stop (complain).

Bill:    Oh no, I've forgotten  (bring) knives and forks.

Katie: Great, well, I suggest eat) with our fingers.

Tim:    I suggest (go) home.

Sam:    Stop it, Tim, and try to see how wonderful this place is. Look at the river, the trees, the
              castle over there, it's all beautiful.

Tim:    Sorry, but I dislike (sit) under trees, (get) stung by insects.

Bill:     Well, I promise (take) you to the beach tomorrow but for now try
              (enjoy) the picnic.

Tim:    But there's nothing to do, Dad. I enjoy (play) beach volley ball and
              (swim).

Katie: Oh, jump in the river then.

Sam:    Be quiet, both of you. Tim, please decide (enjoy) this afternoon and we'll go
              to the beach tomorrow.

Tim:     All right, but I refuse (eat) with my fingers.

Katie:  I'll have your sandwiches, then, I'm starving.


Exercise

Fill the gaps with the correct form of the verb:


Tim had promised (be) on time to meet his girlfriend, Jane, at the theatre. But he'd

forgotten (lock) his front door so he went back home and missed the bus. Then, 

walking to the theatre, he stopped (help) an old woman catch her dog, which made

him even later. Tim dislikes (be) late but finds it hard to organise himself so he often is

late.

  It was Jane who suggested (see) a play, Tim enjoys (go) to the cinema more

but he wanted to please Jane so they are going to see a Shakespeare play. Tim can remember

(study) Macbeth at school. He found the language difficult but Jane has promised

(help) him understand Midsummer's Night's Dream, which they are seeing tonight.