: Present Perfect - Second Conditional Revision
: Present Perfect with for / since
- could - whateverNotes:
Present Perfect - have / has + past participle (+ for / since)
(Covers an undefined period of time.)
- She's been Prime Minister for three years now. (Covers a period of time.)
- She's been Prime Minister since 2014. (From point in time.)
- I don't know how long exactly, but he's lived in the city for a very long time.
- She's played the piano since she was a child. (From an undefined point in time.)
Second Conditional - If + Past Simple + would / could / might
would / could / might + if + Past Simple
For real but unlikely situations, i.e.
For unreal situations, i.e.
- If she ate better and exercised, she'd be healthier. (Probably she won't.)
- He'd be happier if his children worked harder at school. (Probably they won't.)
- If I was a premiership footballer I could retire at thirty.
- I wouldn't live in Hollywood, if I was a film star.
a cruise - a holiday on a ship, visiting different places.
the lottery - a form of gambling; buying numbered tickets in the hope of winning a lot