6. 3rd Conditional + should for past criticism

6. 3rd Conditional + should for past criticism

Bill and Sam disagree about the play.

Main Practice: 3rd Conditional + Past Criticism: should have, could have + past participle
Revision:            a bit + adjective (negative meaning)  -  3rd Condional

3rd Conditional 
If + past perfect   would / could / might + have + past partciple
The 3rd conditional refers to the past, i.e.
  • If my car hadn't broken down, I wouldn't have missed my flight.  
   (But my car did break down and I did miss my flight.)
  • She would have got the job if she hadn't been late for the interview.
   (But she was late and did not get the job.)
  •  I could have helped him if he'd asked me.
    (But he didn't ask me so I couldn't help him.)
  •  If the government had called an election they might have won.
    (But they didn't call an election.)

should have, could have + past participle
To say that something failed to happen, or to criticise someone for
doing or not doing something, (should is stronger) i.e.
  • She shouldn't have lent him the money. (But she did.)
  • He should've studied more. (He didn't and it was a mistake.)
  • They could've helped us. (But they didn't and we're unhappy about it.)
  • The weather could've been better. (But it wasn't.)

traditional - long established practice or belief, i.e.
  • At a Japanese wedding it is traditional for the bride to wear two outfits, one for
   the ceremony, one for the reception. 

a set - scenery for a play or film, i.e.
  • The muscial had fantastic sets.

dim - too little light, i.e.
  • The lights in the restaurant were very dim, I couldn't read the menu. 

a review - an article giving the writer's opinion of a book, play, film concert, etc. i.e.
  • The film got a terrible review, so I'm not going to see it. 
Bill and Samantha discuss a Shakespeare play they've just seen. Samanatha enjoyed it far more than Bill.

Complete the sentences.

Sam: What did you think of the play?

Bill: Disappointing.

Sam:  Really?

Bill:  Yes, they should've a more traditional set.

Sam: Oh, I thought the set worked quite well.

Bill:  It didn't create any atmosphere for me. And they had
           better lighting.

Sam: Well, yes, I agree the stage was a bit dim at times.

Bill:  If the music so loud I enjoyed it more.

Sam: Yes, it was a bit loud, but I think you're being a little unfair.
           For example, the script was excellent, and the acting was very good.

Bill:  Well, not for me, I guess I'm a traditionalist when it comes to Shakespeare.
           If the reviews so good I have gone.

Sam: Perhaps you're just getting old, darling.


Complete the sentences with the language you've practised.

Remember: in spoken English we usually contract, i.e.
I had = I'd  -  could have / should have = could've/should've  -  had not = hadn't  -  
would have = would've  -  would not = wouldn't

1.  - It rained and I got soaking wet.
     - Well, you (should  -  take) an umbrella.

2.   Jane reminded me it was her birthday and I bought her a present. If she    
      (remind) me, I . (forget) 

3.  - Sorry I'm late, I had to work an extra hour.
     - Well, you (could  -  tell) me you were going to be late. Now
        the dinner's over-cooked.
     - Sorry, I tried to phone you but I couldn't get a signal.

4.  Dave told me it was a bad car, so I didn't buy it. If Dave (say) it
     was a good car, I (buy) it .

5.  The party was terrible. I gone if (know) how
     terrible it was going to be.