: 3rd Conditional + Past Criticism: should have, could have + past participle Revision
: a bit + adjective (negative meaning) - 3rd CondionalNotes3rd Conditional If
+ past perfect would / could / might
+ have + past partciple
The 3rd conditional refers to the past, i.e.
- If my car hadn't broken down, I wouldn't have missed my flight.
(But my car did break down and I did miss my flight.)
- She would have got the job if she hadn't been late for the interview.
(But she was late and did not get the job.)
(But he didn't ask me so I couldn't help him.)
- I could have helped him if he'd asked me.
- If the government had called an election they might have won.
(But they didn't call an election.)should have, could have + past participle
To say that something failed to happen, or to criticise someone for
doing or not
doing something, (should
is stronger) i.e.
- She shouldn't have lent him the money. (But she did.)
- He should've studied more. (He didn't and it was a mistake.)
- They could've helped us. (But they didn't and we're unhappy about it.)
- The weather could've been better. (But it wasn't.)
- long established practice or belief, i.e.
the ceremony, one for the reception.
- At a Japanese wedding it is traditional for the bride to wear two outfits, one for
- scenery for a play or film, i.e.
- The muscial had fantastic sets.
- too little light, i.e.
- The lights in the restaurant were very dim, I couldn't read the menu.
- an article giving the writer's opinion of a book, play, film concert, etc. i.e.
- The film got a terrible review, so I'm not going to see it.