3rd Conditional - I wish / if onlyRevision:
a bit - to find out - Notes:3rd Conditional If + past perfect would / could / might + have + past partcipleThe 3rd conditional refers to the past, i.e.
(But my car did break down and I did miss my flight.)
- If my car hadn't broken down, I wouldn't have missed my flight.
(But she was late and did not get the job.)
- She would have got the job, if she hadn't been late for the interview.
(But he didn't ask me so I couldn't help him.)
- I could have helped him, if he'd asked me.
to express things we would like to change in the present:
I wish + past simple, i.e.
- I wish I had a better job.
- I wish I could play the guitar.
- I wish she wouldn't play her music so loud.
to express wishes about the past:
I wish + past perfect, i.e.
- I wish I'd studied harder at school.
- I wish I hadn't bought this car.
- I wish I'd learnt another language when I was younger.
If only... is used in the same way to give a stronger, more emphatic meaning, i.e.
- If only I had a better job.
- If only I'd studied harder at school.
- a small amount; often used with adjectives to indicate 'not much - not very', i.e.
- He's a bit shy.
- The movie was a bit boring.
- She arrived a bit late.
- Phrasal verb, to discover, to get knowledge about something, i.e.
- Did you find out the time of the meeting?
- I found out that he was sacked from his last job.
- We soon found out that the hotel wasn't as nice as it had looked on the website.
- an untidy condition; confusion, i.e.
- My son and daughter always leave the kitchen in a mess.
- The company's business records were in a complete mess.