11. 3rd conditional + I wish + if only

11. 3rd conditional + I wish + if only

The trip to Bath doesn't start well.

Main practice:  3rd Conditional - I wish / if only
Revision:             a bit - to find out - 

3rd Conditional 
If + past perfect   would / could / might + have + past partciple
The 3rd conditional refers to the past, i.e.
  • If my car hadn't broken down, I wouldn't have missed my flight.  
   (But my car did break down and I did miss my flight.)
  • She would have got the job, if she hadn't been late for the interview.
   (But she was late and did not get the job.)
  •  I could have helped him, if he'd asked me.
    (But he didn't ask me so I couldn't help him.)

to express things we would like to change in the present: 
I wish + past simple, i.e.

  • I wish I had a better job.
  • I wish I could play the guitar.
  • I wish she wouldn't play her music so loud.

to express wishes about the past:
I wish + past perfect, i.e. 

  • I wish I'd studied harder at school.
  • I wish I hadn't bought this car.
  • I wish I'd learnt another language when I was younger.

    If only... is used in the same way to give a stronger, more emphatic meaning, i.e.
  • If only I had a better job.
  • If only I'd studied harder at school.

(a) bit  -  a small amount; often used with adjectives to indicate 'not much  -  not very', i.e. 
  • He's a bit shy.
  • The movie was a bit boring. 
  • She arrived a bit late. 

find out -  Phrasal verb, to discover, to get knowledge about something, i.e.
  • Did you find out the time of the meeting?
  • I found out that he was sacked from his last job.
  • We soon found out that the hotel wasn't as nice as it had looked on the website.

a mess - an untidy condition; confusion, i.e.
  • My son and daughter always leave the kitchen in a mess.
  • The company's business records were in a complete mess
The family get to the station late and miss the train for Bath.

Make correct sentences using the 3rd Conditional, I wish, and if only.  

Remember, we usually 'contract' when speaking: not 'had not', but hadn't, not 'would not', but wouldn't.

Katie: Great, thanks to Tim we miss the train.

Tim:  Me? If you spent so long in the bathroom, we have missed the bus.
            And if we hadn't missed the bus, we wouldn't missed the train.

Katie:  But I spent so long in the bathroom I had to clean it
               because you left it in a mess.

Tim:    I didn't leave it in a mess.

Katie: You did. I you'd think of other people and not just yourself.

Bill:    Hold on you two. Actually, I left the bathroom in a bit of a mess.

Sam:   And so did I. So, sorry, Katie, all of us are a bit guilty.

Bill:    Right, let's find out what time the next train is and then we can sit down and have a

Katie:  Good idea. And sorry if I sounded angry.

Tim:     I do my sister get so angry so easily.

Katie:  If my brother would shut up and buy me a coffee.


Use the language you've practised to make correct sentences.

1.   - I you had asked me before borrowing my car.
      - But if asked you, you have let me borrow it.

2.    It would been a wonderful picnic, if it rained.

3.     If she would work harder, she could pass the exam.

4.   Your boss have sacked you, if you hadn't so rude to her.

5.    If I'd bought Bitcoin when they were cheap, I might be rich now.

6.   -  I I could afford a new computer.
      -  Well, you taken that summer job, you have more money.