9. Second Conditional (1)

9. Second Conditional (1)

We shouldn't have two cars!

Main Practice: Second conditional
Revision:           question tags  -  so + adjective  - hold on a minute

Notes:
Second Conditional = if + past simple + would/could/might

Meaning: a) imaginary, unreal situations
                  b) unlikely future situations

Examples: 
a) If I was the prime minister, I'd give everyone a three-day weekend.
a) I'd run if I saw a ghost.

b) If you practised more, you could be a really good guitarist.
b) He'd be happier, if his job wasn't so boring. 

Vocabulary
(to) have a point  -  to agree with someone, or accept that there is a truth in
                                         what they have said, i.e.
- I think we should take warmer clothing.
- You have a point. All right, let's pack heavy jackets.

- The movie was too long. I got bored.
- You have a point, it was too long, but it was still a great story.

perhaps  -  maybe, possibly, i.e.
  • Perhaps it'll rain, let's take umbrellas.
  • Perhaps we should take an earlier train, what do you think? 
Tim criticizes his mum and dad for having two cars.

Complete these second conditional sentences.

Tim: Why does our family have two cars?

Bill:  Well, your mum and I work in different parts of town, Tim, and we
           need our cars to get to work.

Tim:  There are buses, Dad.

Bill:   Yes, but we didn't go by car it take a lot longer.

Tim:  If you both (get up) earlier you take the buses.

Bill:   Your mum and I do get up early, seven o'clock, usually.

Sam:  And, Tim, as a journalist I often have to get to a situation quickly.
            If I (wait) for a bus I * miss something important about a story.

Tim:   people (drive) their cars less, climate change be so serious.

Bill:    Well...

Tim:    I do have a point, don't I?

Sam:   Yes, Tim, you do.

Tim:    I mean, people did get to work before we all had cars, didn't they?

Sam:   Perhaps we should think about just having one car.

Bill:    Ah, well, hold on a minute....

* might is also possible here.


Exercise

Study these First and Second Conditional sentences and answer the questions.

1.  Her mother would be happier, if she stopped cleaning her bicycle in the kitchen.
     Is she going to stop cleaning her bicyle in the kitchen?
     a)  probably not      b) maybe       answer:  

2.  If he buys the house, he'll be making a big mistake.
     Is he going to buy the house?
     a) probably not       b) maybe      answer:  

3.  I wouldn't go, if Jimmy wasn't going.
     Is Jimmy going to go?
     a) probably not       b) maybe      answer:  

4.  If he worked harder, he'd pass the exam.
     Is he going to work hard?
     a) probably not       b) maybe      answer:

5.  She'll do it very well, if she takes the job.
     Is she going to take the job?
     a) probably not      b) maybe       answer:

6.  If he found out she'd lent him the money, he'd be very angry.
     Is he going to find out?
     a) probably not      b) maybe       answer:

7.  If they sold the painting, they wouldn't have any more money worries.
     Are they going to sell the painting?
     a) probably not      b) maybe       answer:

8.  If I didn't enjoy visiting you, I'd tell you.
     Do I enjoy visiting you?
     a) yes      b) no      c) maybe not   answer:

9.  He'll come to the party, if you invite him.
     Are you going to invite him?
     a) probably not    b) maybe          answer:

10. If I won the lottery, I'd buy you a bigger house.
      Am I going to win the lottery?
      a) unlikely     b) highly unlikely     c) maybe       answer: