8. First Conditional

8. First Conditional

Bill wants Tim's help.

Main practice:  First Conditional
Revision:            Idioms and phrasal verbs

*The First Conditional:
If + Present Simple + will   or    will + if + Present Simple, i.e.
If we miss the train, we'll take a taxi.
I'll go to the beach, if it's warm enough. 

*The if-event in a First Conditional sentence is usually likely to happen.

In speech ‘will' is usually contracted, i.e.     I will = I'll,     she will = she'll, etc.

 come over  -  (Phrasal verb) to visit someone, i.e.
  • Come over tonight for coffee.
  • My parents are coming over later.

I need / give me a hand  -  help me, i.e.
  • I need a hand with my luggage.
  • Can you give me a hand doing the shopping today? 

(to) get down to something  -  (Phrasal Verb) to do a task, (often when it has been neglected
                                                             for a while) i.e.
  • I must get down to cleaning the car. 
  • I must get down to writing 'Thank You' cards for my birthday presents.

to be in trouble  -  to be criticised or punished for something, i.e.
  • She's late again. She'll be in trouble now.
  • I'm in trouble: I criticized my boss in an email and someone sent it to her.

it's a deal  -  (informal) to agree about something, i.e.
- If I help you write those emails will you lend me ten pounds?
- Okay, it's a deal.

Bill wants his son, Tim, to help him in the garden but Tim's too busy, until an offer is made.

Complete the sentences.

Bill: Come on, Tim. I need a hand with the garden.

Tim: Dad, I'm watching TV. And then I have to get down to homework.
          If I do it, be in trouble tomorrow at school.

Bill:  You can do your homework this afternoon.

Tim: But I'm seeing a movie this afternoon with Dave.

Bill:   you phone Dave and ask him to come over this evening and
           watch a DVD here order you guys pizza.

Tim:  Really?  All right. But how long will the gardening take?

Bill:  About three hours.

Tim: Three hours!?

Bill:  I'll pay you, Tim.  Ten pounds and the pizza.

Tim: Okay, do it you buy pizza and our favourite ice cream.

Bill:  All right, it's a deal.

Tim:  Great I'll call Dave.


The First Conditional often uses will but can use other modal verbs as well.

Complete the sentences with the most likely of these six modal verbs:

won't  -  might  -  can  -  'll  -  should 

: can is used twice, all the others, once.

1. If we go to the seven o'clock movie, we have a meal before we go.

2. If your uncle gives you any money for your birthday, you thank him.

3. If it gets any colder it just snow.

4. If you don't look smart you get the job.

5. He pass the exam, if he studies harder. (The speaker is certain.)

6. She go to the party, if she does her homework first.