11. Expressions for thoughts and opinions

11. Expressions for thoughts and opinions

Aunt Bianca and Uncle Julian have some extreme views.

Main Practice:   Expressions for thoughts, opinions
Revision:              Present Simple - Present perfect - should be made to 

bear in mind - to remember to keep something in mind, in your thoughts, i.e
  • Bear in mind that the weather can easily change on the hills and take warm clothing.
  • Please bear in mind that you cannot take your mobile phones into the theatre.

common knowledge - the speaker thinks most people know X. The expression can refer to a
                                            small community or a society, i.e.
  • It was common knowledge that the child wasn't theirs, they adopted her.
  • It's common knowledge that the Prime Minister doesn't have the loyalty of the party.

extreme views - opinions that are not moderate, i.e.
  • She holds some extreme political views which I find very unpleasant. She's not living in the 21st century at all.

(to) hassle  -  verb:  to harass or pester someone
                           noun: a difficulty, i.e.
  • Stop hassling me, I told you: I'm not going to lend you any more money.
  • The journey was a real hassle: the train was late and so crowded there were no seats, we had to stand for two hours. 

homeless people - people who live on the streets because they have no home.

(to) jump to conclusions - reaching a conclusion without careful consideration, i.e.
  • He never thinks things through carefully. He's always jumping to conclusions, *inevitably the wrong ones.
   * inevitable = impossible to avoid or stop from happening

(a) nagging doubt - a doubt that will not go away, i.e.
  • I have nagging doubts about buying that model of car.

(a) widespread belief - a belief that many people hold, i.e.
  • There's a widespread belief now that air pollution is causing many deaths in cities around the world.
Bill, Sam, Katie and Tim are having lunch with Bill's brother, Julian and his wife, Bianca. Katie and Tim strongly disagree with their Uncle and Aunt about homeless people.

Complete the sentences.

Bianca:  Every time I go into town now I see homeless people sleeping in the streets. It looks
                 terrible. They're just lazy. They *should be made to get a job.

Katie:     Bianca, you can't judge them like that.

Bianca:  I can. And most of them are drug addicts.

Tim:        You can't know that. You shouldn't .

Katie:     Yes, Bianca, please that no one wants to be homeless. They deserve
                  help, not criticism.

Julian:    The police should clear them off the streets. It's most of them
                  are drug addicts, or alcoholics.

Tim:        That may be a , Uncle, but it's not true.We did a project at my
                  school. Local homeless people came to the school and we interviewed them about
                  their lives and though one or two had a drug and alcohol problem most didn't.

Bianca:  Tim, they hassle people for money. It's antisocial behaviour.

Katie:     Well, I've never been hassled by a homeless person.

Tim:        Aunt Bianca and Uncle Julian, don't you ever just have a tiny that
                  your might be wrong?

*Should be forced to by an authority, such as the law, supported by the police.


Complete the sentences with the language you've practised.

1. If you go out with your friends tonight, you've got to be up at six o'clock to
    catch your flight.

2. My sister's always me for lifts; it's time she bought her own car.

3. It's that you don't drink from a hot water tap.

4. I have about the house my son's buying. I think it will cost too much to 
    get it into a good condition.

5. There's a that young people are spending too much time on their phones.