10. Idioms.

10. Idioms.

Oh no, Julian and Bianca!

Main Practice:  idioms
Revision:             Present Simple  -  by the way  -  anyway   

Vocabulary
by the way - to introduce a new topic to a conversation, i.e.
  • …so we're very pleased with the new car. By the way, would you like to go to the cinema on Saturday?

can't get a word in edgeways - someone's talking so much no one else can speak, i.e.
  • He goes on and on talking about his job and all his problems. You can't get a word in edgeways.

in a nutshell - to say something in very few words, i.e.
- How was the play?
- In a nutshell: brilliant! One of the best productions I've ever seen.

-  How's your new job going?
-  In a nutshell: pretty badly. I keep making mistakes. The problem is: the boss is
    a bully and he makes me a bit nervous.

it's going to be a long afternoon - (or ‘day') the time will seem ‘long' because it be uncomfortable or unpleasant in some way for the speaker, i.e.
  • Now I've got to go to three very boring lectures. It's going to be a long afternoon.
  • I've got to collect new staff at the airport and I've got six meetings. It's going to be
   a very long day.

not to mention - in addition to, and adding emphasis to a second or third factor, i.e.
- How was your hike?
- Terrible. It rained non-stop and we lost our map. Not to mention, Charlie nearly drowned
   when we crossed a river.


(to) rise above - to remain calm when someone is insulting or criticizing you, i.e.
He was extremely rude to me but I rose above it; I didn't get angry.

(to) run down - various meanings, here, to speak of someone or something in a disparaging or critical way, to belittle, i.e.
- He's awful at sport and his school grades are terrible.
- Stop running David down, he is your brother!
  • She's always running our country down but there are *loads of positive things to say about it. She should keep quiet.
   *informal = lots of

(a) snob  -  a person who believes they are superior to others because they have more 
                      money and, or status.
Bill's brother, Julian, and his wife, Bianca, are coming for lunch. They are a wealthy couple who behave snobbishly towares Bill and his family. 

Complete the sentences.


Bill:     By the way, guys, we have guests for lunch, Uncle Julian and Aunt Bianca.

Tim:    Oh, no, they always because we're not rich like them.

Katie:  Why did you invite them, Dad?

Sam:    Dad, didn't. Your uncle and aunt are in Downhaven for the day and they invited  
              themselves. Anyway, why are they so terrible?

Katie:  Well, , because Uncle Julian's arrogant, and Aunt Bianca's a snob.

Bill:      But we can that and be nice to them, can't we?

Tim:     How can we - they both talk so much, you ?
              , they always tell me how brilliantly Oscar's doing at school
              when they know I struggle with my studies and exams.

Sam:    Well, they're proud of their son.

Katie:  Maybe, but it's also another way of saying they're superior to us.
              .


Exercise

Complete the sentences. Remember: use capital letters where necessary.

in a nutshell - It's going to be a long….  -  Not to mention  -  runs down  -
rise above  -  can't get a word in edgeways


1.  Some of our customers in the restaurant are very rude but you just have to it
     and stay calm.

2.  When we sit down for a meal my father never stops talking, you
     .

3.   He our school all the time but I don't think it's so bad.

4.   I've got meetings all morning, factory visits this afternoon, then I'll be answering my
      emails this evening. day.

5.   The house was fantastic. Large rooms, luxurious furnishings, and a beautiful garden.
      , a huge swimming pool.

6.   The fish was over-cooked, they forgot to chill the wine, and the dessert was half an hour
      late. : the meal was a disaster!