: Expressions for obligation, need, probability Revision
: on the contrary - disagree - rely on Vocabulary cramped
- a space that is too small, i.e.
- His office is rather cramped.
- uncertain; not probable or likely, i.e.
- It's doubtful she will get the job.
- They are doubtful the weather will be good enough to climb the mountain.
- He's doubtful that his party will win the election.
- a high probability of something, i.e.
- There's every chance she will get the job.
- The director claims there's every chance now of saving the company from bankruptcy.
- certain to happen, i.e.
may/might as well
- It is now inevitable that the workers will go on strike.
- With all this rain it's inevitable that people's homes will be flooded.
- better to do something than not do it, i.e.
may well + infinitive -
- Now we're in Paris we may / might as well go up the Eiffel Tower.
- I may / might as well go to the picnic; Janet will be annoyed if I don't.
- He may well want to come with us, we should ask him.
- Robots may well take jobs from humans in the short term but long term they will
- in this conversation ‘myth' means something that is widely held to be true, or was, but
the speaker thinks is untrue, i.e.
cars filling up the new roads. on the contrary
- It's a myth that building more roads will decrease traffic congestion, you'll just have more
- (formal) the opposite is true, i.e. - The party was a great success. - On the contrary, it was a disaster. pace
- the speed of something, especially 'change', i.e.
- The pace of change in the last thirty years has been very fast.
high probability), i.e.
- (highly) probable - (neutral-formal) very likely to happen, (adjective-noun:
- It is highly probable (that) the governement will reduce the import tax on cars.
- There is a high probability of snow this weekend.
- (as an expression of disagreement - *can be rude if you don't know
the person well), i.e.- David's a great chess player.- Rubbish, I beat him easily and I'm not a good player. (to) run out of
- (Phrasal Verb) to not have any left, i.e. - Shall we have pasta tonight? - Sorry, we've run out of pasta. virtually certain -
almost but not completely certain, i.e.
* As an example: inevitable = 10
- It is virtually certain that the Education Minister will resign.
- That world population will continue to rise for decades to come is virtually certain.
virtually certain = 9
highly probable = 7+