10. Be positive!

10. Be positive!

Tim, Ravi and Mike aim to be positive.

Main practice:   giving examples - Phrasal Verbs
Revision:             to check out - no way - give up - cut down on - to set up - what about - stuff

check out - to investigate something; see what it is, what it's like, i.e.
  • Check out that new Italian restaurant, the food's fantastic.
  • I've been checking out some of the evening courses at the college.

cut down on - (Phrasal Verb) to reduce, i.e.
  • I must cut down on chocolate, I'm eating too much of it.
  • He's got to cut down on using his mobile, he's on it for hours.

give up - (Phrasal Verb) to stop doing something, i.e.
  • You must give up gambling: you're losing too much money.
  • She'll never give up her wish to be a successful artist.

loads of - (informal) a lot of, i.e.
  • He's got loads of money.
  • We don't have to hurry, we've got loads of time. 

no way - impossible; definitely not, i.e.
  • No, you cannot smoke in here, no way.
  • There's no way I'm taking that job, I'd have to move too far away from my family.

poverty - the state of being poor, i.e.
  • The rich countries should do more to reduce poverty in the developing world. 

(to) set up - (Phrasal Verb) to start something, such as a business, or an organized group, i.e.
  • She's set up her own website.
  • He's setting up an office cleaning business.
  • We've set up a group to raise money for more books for our school.

stuff - (informal) things, i.e.
  • He always takes too much stuff when we go on holiday.
  • There's a lot of stuff in the house we don't need.
Tim, Ravi and Mike discuss some of the things they could do to improve things in the world.

Complete the conversation.

Mike:  Okay, so what should we do about improving the world?

Ravi:  Yeah, you said you'd think about it.

Tim:   Well, I   a few websites. There're things we can do.

Mike: ?

Tim:   Right, firstly, in our homes. , we can turn things off when
             we're not using them and save electricity, which means less pollution. We can make
             sure our families recycle stuff, we can try and persuade our parents to cycle and not use
             the car and take trains and boats instead of flying.

Ravi:   No way are my Dad or my sister their cars.

Tim:   Well, try and persuade them, they might at least using their cars.

Mike: And my Mum loves flying to warm places in summer.

Tim:   Well, tell her she can get trains and boats to warm places, Italy, for instance, or Spain.
            , we could join the Young Greens or a community group that's doing
            something for the environment.

Ravi:  Or our own group at school.

Mike: What about nuclear weapons, or world poverty?

Tim:   Right, well, there are youth groups trying to create a world free of nuclear weapons and  
             reduce poverty in developing countries.

Ravi:  And we could raise money, sell some of our stuff at school and make a

Mike: Yeah, and I might take an interest in local politics, then when I'm old enough, join a
             political party.

Tim:   See, there's stuff we can do and those are just a few examples.


Complete the sentences.
Remember: use capital letters if necessary.

stuff  -  to take a simple example  -  loads of  -  another thing  -  check out

1.   this movie, it's great.

2.  She has friends.

3.  Yeah, great food, wonderful weather, brilliant night-life, and , the city's got
     some fantastic museums.

4.   Well, , look at the statistics for smoking in the UK now compared  
       with thirty years ago.

5.   You should their website, they have great deals on all kinds of .